ItemRethinking the People's Party: An Examination of American Populism and Its Intersection with Race, Gender, and Religion.(Wheaton College. (Norton, Mass.), 2022-05-12) Zeiberg, Harrison.The People's Party was the political manifestation of the Populist movement following the Civil War and Reconstruction and during the Gilded Age. "Rethinking the People's Party: An Examination of American Populism and Its Intersection with Race, Gender, and Religion" examines the question, how did the People's Party relate to people who were not white, male, and Protestant? This thesis has found that while the People's Party wanted to reform the American political and economic system to make it more equal, it did not want to radically change the social order of the United States, and so still upheld the principles of white supremacy, patriarchy, anti-Semitism, and anti-Catholicism. This thesis has also found that the People's Party valued political expediency and electoral victory over adherence to a set of principles. ItemPolitics in Battle: The Army and the State in the German-Soviet War(Wheaton College. (Norton, Mass.), 2021-05-16) Pfitzner, KiranThe thesis argues that both Germany and the Soviet Union entered the Second World War with fundamentally counterproductive relationships between political and military authorities. The German Army sought to operate without regard to the political goals of Nazi leadership and thereby maintaining the army’s traditional independence. By contrast, the Red Army, decimated by Stalin’s purges, was a shell of its former self, subjected to political officers and a regime of terror that stifled tactical and operational initiative and military thought. Throughout the German-Soviet War, Nazi leadership sought to reduce the independence of the German Army through hyper-politicization and in so-doing destroyed its technical abilities, just as Soviet leadership developed greater confidence in the Red Army and allowed its officers greater freedom to prosecute the war successfully. Ultimately, it is concluded that armies must be brought to adhere to political objectives without destroying their ability to conduct operations. ItemSecrecy in Flux : The CIA and Changing Context.(Wheaton College (MA)., 2018) Segal, JackThis work covers a period of American history stretching from the initial proposal for the creation of the American Central Intelligence Agency in 1944 to the conclusion of Jimmy Carter’s presidency in 1981, analyzing changing conceptions of secrecy within the federal government. By the period’s end, ideas regarding appropriate action had changed dramatically, and a new paradigm reached preeminence, characterized by cooperation between Congress, the CIA, and the White House. ItemBack to the land : the revival of american communes in the late 1960s.(Wheaton College (Norton, Mass.), 2017) Regan, LydiaBack to the Land: The Revival of American Communes in the Late 1960s argues that the revival of communes was the result of many Americans felt an absense of community and were frustrated with increasing violence. Commune founders were influenced by the Beats, aspects of counterculture, and hip neighborhoods, like the Haight-Ashbury, to begin the journey of creating alternative communities. ItemLet's get it on : the development of adolescent sexual autonomy, 1960-1979.(Wheaton College (Norton, Mass.), 2017) Brnger, PaigeThis thesis examines the reproductive rights of adolescent girls in the Northeast between 1960-1979. Starting in the 1960s the Women’s Rights Movement and Sexual Revolution transformed the American landscaped regarding the social expectations and rights of women across the country. Additionally, the pill was approved by the FDA in 1960 and abortion was legalized in 1973 with the U.S. Supreme Court Case Roe v. Wade. Together these social and legal phenomena effected the sexual popular culture and sexual lives of teenagers, which led to their own fight for sexual autonomy separate from parental supervision. This was accomplished in 1979 with the U.S. Supreme Court Case Bellotti v. Baird. However, with the advancement of adolescents’ reproductive rights and rise in sexual activity there was also resistance from schools, parents, and the Catholic Church that manifested in the sexual education programs, parent-child relationships, and services offered to minors throughout the 1970s.